Published by Crackers Books, 25 February 2024


Neo-Gramscianism: A Concise Overview

Neo-Gramscianism is an approach in international relations and political theory that extends Antonio Gramsci's concepts to global politics, emphasizing the interplay of ideas, institutions, and material capabilities. Here are five key points about Neo-Gramscianism based on academic research:

  1. Extension of Gramsci’s Concepts: Neo-Gramscianism extends Gramsci's concepts of hegemony and civil society to the global level. It analyzes how certain groups, ideologies, and institutions shape and maintain global order, focusing on the role of transnational capitalist classes and their influence on global politics (Levy & Egan, 2003)(Levy & Egan, 2003).
  2. Critical Analysis of Global Capitalism: Neo-Gramscianism provides a critical analysis of global capitalism, emphasizing the role of ideology and culture in sustaining global power structures. It critiques the neoliberal economic order and explores alternatives to capitalist globalization (Shilliam, 2004)(Shilliam, 2004).
  3. Focus on Transnational Actors and Institutions: This approach highlights the significance of transnational actors and institutions in shaping global policies and norms. It examines how these entities influence state behavior and contribute to the creation of a global hegemonic order (Rupert, 1998)(Rupert, 1998).
  4. Interplay of Material and Ideological Forces: Neo-Gramscianism emphasizes the interplay between material forces (such as economic structures) and ideological forces (such as norms and beliefs). It argues that changes in the global political economy are driven by both material conditions and shifts in ideas and ideologies (Vickers, 1999)(Vickers, 1999).
  5. Challenges and Critiques: While influential, Neo-Gramscianism faces critiques for its complexity and broad scope, which can sometimes lead to vague or overly theoretical analyses. Critics also argue that it may overemphasize the role of ideas at the expense of material conditions (Zhong Zhen-ming, 2010)(Zhong Zhen-ming, 2010).


Neo-Gramscianism offers a comprehensive framework for analyzing global political and economic systems, blending Gramsci’s insights with contemporary global issues and highlighting the complex interplay of material and ideological forces in shaping world order.


  1. Levy, D. L., & Egan, D. (2003). A Neo‐Gramscian Approach to Corporate Political Strategy. Journal of Management Studies, 40(4), 803-829. Link
  2. Rupert, M. (1998). (Re-)Engaging Gramsci: A response to Germain and Kenny. Review of International Studies, 24(3), 427-434. Link
  3. Shilliam, R. (2004). Hegemony and the Unfashionable Problematic of 'Primitive Accumulation'. Millennium - Journal of International Studies, 33(1), 59-88. Link
  4. Vickers, R. (1999). State Power, Labour and the Marshall Plan in Britain. Link
  5. Zhong Zhen-ming. (2010). The Crisis of American Hegemony in the Global Political and Economic System. Journal of Tongji University. Link

Recommended Citation

Crackers Books. (2024, February 25). Neo-Gramscianism: A Concise Overview [Crackers Basics]. Retrieved from

Premium isolated images


Shop now
Isolated Shelf on White

The Adventure Series

Financial Literacy Series

Facebook Logo Vector
Youtube Official Icon
TikTok Logo Icon